A Smartphone And A Child’s Sleep – Part 3 of 3
Dr David Dunkin, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, agreed. “There is a lot of compelling data, in both adults and adolescents, that paltry screens disrupt sleep cycles. And this may have an impact on long-term health. More studies shortage to be done to look at all of the variables together”. Meanwhile pediatricians should share and support the academy’s advice when talking with parents about the presence of TVs and small screens sharbat.
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A Smartphone And A Child’s Sleep – Part 2 of 3
The children were in the fourth or seventh mark in one of 29 schools. More than two-thirds of the children were white, and about one-fifth were Hispanic. All were asked about electronic devices in the bedroom, what time they went to bed, what time they woke up, and how many days over the prior week they felt they needed more sleep. While kids with a bedroom TV said they got 18 minutes less beauty sleep on weeknights than those without a personal television, that figure rose to nearly 21 minutes for those who slept near a smartphone whether or not a TV was also present, the study found.
Going to bed with a smartphone at worker was also linked to later bedtimes than having a bedroom TV: 37 minutes later compared to 31 minutes, the investigators said. And kids who slept with a smartphone were more plausible to feel they needed more sleep than they were getting, compared with those with no smartphone present at bedtime. That perception of insufficient rest/sleep was not observed among children who only had a TV in the room.
So what’s a 21st century originator to do? Establishing technology ground-rules may help foster healthier sleep patterns, Falbe suggested. For example, parents can set nighttime “curfews” for electronic devices, guide overall access to all screen time, and/or ban TVs and Internet-enabled devices from a child’s bedroom. “While more studies are needed to confirm these findings, our results provide additional authenticate for current recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics that parents should be advised to set reasonable but firm limits on their child’s media use.
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A Smartphone And A Child’s Sleep – Part 1 of 3
A Smartphone And A Child’s Sleep. A smartphone in a child’s bedroom may ruin good sleep habits even more than a TV, new research suggests. A retreat of more than 2000 elementary and middle-school students found that having a smartphone or tablet in the bedroom was associated with less weekday sleep and feeling sleepy in the daytime. “Studies have shown that traditional screens and screen time, get off on TV viewing, can interfere with sleep, but much less is known about the impacts of smartphones and other small screens,” said study lead author Jennifer Falbe, of the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Small screens are of pernickety concern because they provide access to a wide range of content, including games, videos, websites and texts, that can be used in bed and delay sleep.
They also issue audible notifications of incoming communications that may interrupt sleep. “We found that both sleeping near a small screen and sleeping in a room with a TV set were related to shorter weekday sleep duration. Children who slept near a bantam screen, compared to those who did not, were also more likely to feel like they did not get enough sleep”. The findings were published online Jan 5, 2015 and in the February print issue of the magazine Pediatrics.
And “Despite the importance of sleep to child health, development and performance in school, many children are not sleeping enough. Preteen school-aged children need at least 10 hours of forty winks each day, while teenagers need between nine and 10, the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute advises. For this study, the researchers focused on the sleep habits of nearly 2050 boys and girls who had participated in the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Study in 2012-2013.
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Newborns Jaundice And Cerebral Palsy – Part 3 of 3
And “It was reassuring that leader injury due to high bilirubin was rare and that only those infants whose levels were well above exchange transfusion guidelines developed kernicterus,” Newman said in the flash release. “Based on our study, the current guidelines for when to perform exchange transfusions have been quite successful in preventing kernicterus,” said the study’s lead author, Dr Yvonne W Wu, a professor of clinical neurology and pediatrics at UC San Francisco, in the release. “However, our meditate on also raises the question whether the threshold for exchange transfusion could be higher for infants with merry bilirubin levels who are otherwise healthy and who have no other risk factors for brain injury arabia.
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Newborns Jaundice And Cerebral Palsy – Part 2 of 3
The babies were delivered at one of 15 hospitals between 1995 and 2011. One platoon of nearly 1900 newborns had bilirubin levels above the American Academy of Pediatrics’ threshold for exchange transfusion. Babies in this group were followed for an general of seven years. A second group included more than 104000 newborns who were born at least 35 weeks’ gestation and had lower bilirubin levels. This group of infants was followed for six years.
The study, published on Jan 5, 2015 in JAMA Pediatrics, revealed three cases of kernicterus occurred amidst the babies with the highest bilirubin levels. However, the researchers distinguished all three of these children had additional risk factors for brain damage. “We found that cerebral palsy consistent with kernicterus did not occur in a single infant with high bilirubin without the presence of additional peril factors,” said the study’s second author, Dr Michael W Kuzniewicz, an assistant professor of neonatology in the department of pediatrics at UC San Francisco, in a university release release.
So “This was the case even in infants with very high bilirubin,” said Kuzniewicz, who is also head of the perinatal research unit of the division of research at Kaiser Permanente Northern California. “Our muse about was the first to evaluate how well the exchange transfusion guidelines predicted risk of cerebral palsy and kernicterus in babies with jaundice,” said the study’s principal investigator, Dr Thomas B Newman, with the departments of epidemiology and pediatrics at UC San Francisco.
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Newborns Jaundice And Cerebral Palsy – Part 1 of 3
Newborns Jaundice And Cerebral Palsy. Newborns with significant jaundice are not acceptable to develop a rare and life-threatening type of cerebral palsy if American Academy of Pediatrics’ treatment guidelines are followed, according to a callow study. Jaundice is yellowing of the eyes and skin due to high levels of the liver-produced pigment bilirubin. In most cases, jaundice develops among newborns because their liver is too rudimentary to break down the pigment quickly enough. Usually, this condition resolves without treatment.
Some babies, however, must receive phototherapy. Exposure to special lights changes bilirubin into a compound that can be excreted from the body, according to the researchers. If phototherapy fails, a scheme called exchange transfusion may be required. During this invasive procedure, the infant’s blood is replaced with donor blood. Recommendations for exchange transfusions are based on bilirubin level, the life-span of the infant and other risk factors for brain damage.
Exchange transfusion isn’t without risk. Potential complications from the treatment include blood clots, blood on instability, bleeding and changes in blood chemistry, according to the researchers. High bilirubin levels are also risky. They’ve been associated with a serious form of cerebral palsy called kernicterus. In reserve to investigate this association, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research examined data from two groups of more than 100000 infants.
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Children Watch Television Instead Of Games If Obese Mothers – Part 3 of 3
For these reasons, the American Academy of Pediatrics discourages TV viewing before the duration of 2 years. Christakis noted that 50 percent of kids from this type of background start kindergarten lacking basic skills. “We know there is nothing better for young children’s brains than real-world compassionate interaction,” he said, adding that the brain develops in direct response to external stimulation.
The extended TV watching among these children comes at a big cost. “Both in terms of displaced alien activity, such as play or being read to, but also television is overly stimulating – inappropriately stimulating to the developing brain”. Melissa Salgueiro, a psychologist at Miami Children’s Hospital, concurred that “children should not be exposed to TV before seniority 2 brainpill.gdn. Even then TV should be limited to 30 minutes per day, with parents finding other activities – such as play – to halcyon their children.
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Children Watch Television Instead Of Games If Obese Mothers – Part 2 of 3
Mothers with more schooling were less likely to keep the TV on during meals. Obese mothers are more likely to be inactive or suffer from depression. “They are more likely to use the television themselves, so their infants are exposed to more television as well”. Thompson is currently doing a think over to see if play and other alternatives can help these moms get their babies away from the television.
Another expert said the study sheds more light on the issue of TV overexposure at such a young age. “This is further confirmation that certain children, particularly vulnerable children, have environments early on that are not conducive to optimizing their mental health,” said Dr Dimitri Christakis, director of the Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development at the Seattle Children’s Research Institute and a professor of pediatrics at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
That so many kids are watching TV ancient is “shocking and disconcerting”. He pungent out that children this age are awake for only 10 or 12 hours a day, but 40 percent of these kids are spending a third of their waking hours in front of a television. “In many cases they’re strapped in. Early box viewing is associated with attention problems and with cognitive delays, and it’s harmful to babies’ brain development”.
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Children Watch Television Instead Of Games If Obese Mothers – Part 1 of 3
Children Watch Television Instead Of Games If Obese Mothers. Many babies fritter away almost three hours in front of the TV each day, a new mug up finds, especially if their mothers are obese and TV addicts themselves, or if the babies are fussy or active. “Mothers are using television as a way to soothe these infants who might be a little bit more difficult to deal with,” said ranking study author Amanda Thompson, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of North Carolina, in Chapel Hill. Other studies have shown that TV watching at such an early age can be harmful adding that TV can hinder important developmental milestones.
The report was published online Jan 7, 2013 and in the February print issue of the journal Pediatrics. For the study, Thompson’s tandem looked at more than 200 pairs of low-income black mothers and babies who took part in a study on obesity risk in infants, for which families were observed in their homes. Researchers found infants as young as 3 months were parked in mien of the TV for almost three hours a day.
And 40 percent of infants were exposed to TV at least three hours a day by the time they were 1 year old. Mothers who were obese, who watched a lot of TV and whose youth was fussy were most likely to put their infants in front of the TV, Thompson’s group found. TV viewing continued through mealtime for many infants, the researchers found.
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